Self-diving is a cognitive ability that empowers us to adequately comprehend our strengths, shortcomings, and controlling qualities just as others perceive them. Self-diving is the most signiﬁcant way for us to access our capacity to control our outcomes. Self-diving is similar to self-awareness, which incorporates our capacity to perceive what’s going on within us and peruse the sensations inside our body. In simple terms, it is our capability to perceive our emotions and deal with their driving forces as well as our response to them.
Let’s imagine for a moment . . . Melanie is a physician who is doing rounds on the patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), but on her way there, she gets an unpleasant text message that makes her upset. Melanie is fully aware that she can’t aﬀord to make any mistakes in her patients’ care or fail to recognize important changes in their status. She is faced with the decision of whether or not to acknowledge that the text message is disturbing her before entering the ﬁrst patient’s room, or whether or not to put her anger to one side and continue with her rounding.
Self-diving means that Melanie should be aware of what she is experiencing on the inside of her, give it a name (for example, “I am unhappy about the text message”), watch and regulate her reaction to that feeling, and take into consideration how it may aﬀect the others in her immediate environment. In the event that this does not occur, there is a signiﬁcant likelihood that Melanie will carry her negative feelings with her and project them either onto the other practitioners who will be rounding with her or even onto the patients whom she plans to visit.
Melanie was fortunate in that she possessed a high level of emotional self-awareness, because she was aware that in order for her to be successful as a healthcare provider, she needed to be caring; and that she would not be able to have therapeutic relationships and assist others unless she had a ﬁrm grasp on her own identity. After the traumatic experience that caused her distress, she began engaging in self-diving with the intention of reading her inner world so that she could comprehend, exercise control over, and have an eﬀect on her outer world (patients and their families, other practitioners).
The insight and understanding she gained regarding what was occurring on the inside of her enabled her to deliberately look at herself in an objective manner and witness the process of the information that was generated by the ignition of her negative emotions. As a consequence of this eﬀort, she was able to eﬀectively control her response to such feelings.
Melanie did not have it easy when it came to getting to know herself, (which is not an easy task for anyone). The importance of deep self-diving lies not only in the fact that it facilitates our understanding of ourselves, but also in the fact that it is a continual process of discovery, analogous to a game that features a variety of diﬀerent challenge levels. After completing one level with success, you are advanced to the next one, which is much more diﬃcult and is resistant to whatever adjustments you made in the level before it.
Drop by drop, the water pot is ﬁlled: Swimming ability and general physical ﬁtness are prerequisites for becoming a scuba diver. The same is true for our brain: it takes practice for our brain to generate and deploy new neurons as well as build a communication system to send new signals through the process of neurogenesis. Developing new mental routines does not happen quickly, and there is no quick ﬁx for this challenge. The good news is that we are able to regularly and gradually stimulate our brains with micro-tasks, and we are also able to coerce our brains into using what they have learned and storing it permanently as a footprint for other skills to build upon.
The question that has to be answered is how to complete the entire process successfully. The best way to assimilate diﬃcult concepts is to break them down into manageable, step-by-step processes that are both structured and actionable. This process will allow for a smooth implementation even while we deal with the diﬃculties of everyday life.
Strengths and Weaknesses
It’s vital to pay attention and identify the impact that our ideas and feelings have on how we act; for instance, if we’re pleased, we’re more likely to do good things, whereas if we’re furious, we’re more likely to do unkind things. The same principle applies to being conscious of both our strengths and our weaknesses.
Having an awareness of both our capabilities and limitations provides us with a deeper insight into who we are and how we function. There are a lot of people who ﬁnd it hard to talk about their strengths and weaknesses, or simply to recognize what they are. But identifying them is incredibly important during crucial moments like when looking for a new career or when intending to run a business.
When we are aware of our weaknesses, we have a better idea of the factors that may be preventing us from achieving our goals. In addition, having this awareness can help us zero in on speciﬁc areas in which we may concentrate our eﬀorts to enhance the overall quality of our life.
One good example of weaknesses, is when we frequently ﬁnd ourselves overwhelmed simply because we ﬁnd it diﬃcult to say no to people. This can be at work, at home, or even to ourselves. When we become aware of this frequent ﬂaw, we will be able to make major strides toward improving the quality of our life. We should put the question to ourselves: “What feelings are we aware of having right now?” Label them, give a description of each one, and then choose the one that stands out the most to us. When we get that emotion, what physical changes do we notice in our bodies? What if we suddenly felt the complete opposite of that emotion? What do we think would happen to our physical self? For the purpose of developing a high level of emotional self-awareness and preventing emotional hijacking, it is highly necessary to gain an understanding of what causes our feelings.
It is very obvious that we should not deﬁne our strengths with the purpose of comparing ourselves to others in order to determine who is more or less capable. People are diﬀerent from one another, and this plays a signiﬁcant role in how each individual identiﬁes their own strengths. Instead, being aware of our own capabilities can enable us to build on those aspects and push ourselves further. When we feel conﬁdent about ourselves, we are able to tap into our full potential and do anything that provides us with a sense of accomplishment and enjoyment. Strengths are the things that usually come naturally to us and make us feel good about ourselves.
Unfortunately, a great number of people have either forgotten about their abilities or, as I indicated earlier, are simply unaware that they even exist. Those are individuals who pass up enormous opportunities to make substantial improvements. As a general rule, they are the ones who get a great deal out of complaining about their current predicament while doing nothing to improve it.
The strengths inventory may help us save a signiﬁcant amount of time due to the fact that we already possess them. All that is required of us is to put those strengths to work. This will lead to increased self-conﬁdence as well as an attitude that is more open to change.
Keep an Open Mind
Dr. Dan Siegel, in his attunement approach, said that attunement is where we sense a clear image of our mind in the mind of another. This is also known as empathy. Attunement is emotional mirroring, the ability to connect with others. And its polar opposite, emotional detachment, hinders our capacity to express our feelings, which can cause diﬃculty in developing and sustaining relationships.
Because our brains contain mirror cells, our actions are able to accurately reﬂect our feelings. Because of this, many of us are capable of shedding tears while hearing a tragic narrative because we can empathize with how others are feeling. However, emotional mirroring is an unconscious tendency, and it may have detrimental repercussions if the person we are emotionally mirroring is struggling with the same issue we are. We run the risk of getting buried in repeating our complaints about it over and over in a manner that prevents us from resolving the issue and moving on. Because we continue to share our worries and gloomy feelings with one another, the diﬃculty of the situation keeps growing.
This behavior happens rather frequently in teams, and it often reﬂects the closed attitude of the team’s leader, because the rest of the team only views the problem from the perspective of the leader, and they do not take the initiative to think creatively or even to communicate their own personal opinions. This results in a prolonged state of stagnation, which not only has an adverse eﬀect on the performance of that team but also puts the accomplishments of the entire organization at risk.
According to a number of studies, it is impossible for corporate leaders to be successful if they do not have a genuine interest in the people around them and an openness to their perspectives and ideas. This is the only way to get leaders to diverge from their usual modes of thinking and come up with new ideas. Embracing an open mind not only allows them to gain a fresh perspective on a situation, but it also fosters a sense of collective ownership and responsibility amongst the team.
An open mind isn’t just for receiving other people’s views; it’s also for expressing our own. There is a psychological foundation to the art of being understood. The majority of people are unable to eﬀectively communicate their ideas to others. The key is to be able to mentally reverse-engineer and cultivate sensations that are already familiar within one’s own head and imagination. Making our case, or at least letting others listen to something that they can identify with, will result in people loving us for who we are and making sense of our actions.
Let me ask you a couple of questions: How many hours do you spend procrastinating by surﬁng the Internet before you ﬁnally get around to doing what has to be done? How often were you eating a meal while also watching the news or browsing through your Facebook feed? How quickly are you able to ﬁnish your meal? Do you have any recollection of the ﬂavor or the speciﬁcs of that meal?
When it comes to wasting time on distractions or on the consumption of information, you should know that you are not alone in this.
It should come as no surprise that we like using social networking sites like LinkedIn, Twitter, and Facebook for both personal and business purposes. But how can we maintain our involvement without letting them dictate the course of our lives and throwing oﬀ our schedule and priorities? Think about employing micro-techniques like the body scan technique. It is a good exercise to train your mind to focus on what you are doing and to prevent it from wandering and looking for distractions.
According to a study published in Harvard Business Review, there are various sorts of focus. Neuroscientists have recently discovered that we focus in a variety of ways, for a variety of goals, drawing on a variety of cerebral pathways—some of which function in harmony, while others tend to stand in opposition. Empathy, for example (which we will cover in more detail later), is viewed as a way of paying attention to the needs of others.
The term focus is used in this article to describe the attention leaders should pay to themselves by tuning in to their body and returning to their center of gravity. We can do this by paying close attention to our internal psychological signals, such as our gut feelings and our inner voice. The insula, which lies behind the frontal lobes in our brain, is responsible for monitoring these minute inputs. The insula’s sensitivity to any region of the body is heightened by the attention it receives. It increases the number of neurons in that circuitry when we tune in to our heartbeat, for example.
Putting our attention where we want it and keeping it there in the face of temptation to wander has a scientiﬁc term, self-regulation (a resilience micro-skill, which is a topic discussed in the next section). This attention is one component of the executive function of the brain, which is located in the prefrontal cortex. The prefrontal cortex is also where our willpower is housed.
Self-regulation provides us with the ability to persist in the pursuit of a goal despite interruptions and obstacles. The cerebral architecture that allows for such laser-like focus on our objectives is also responsible for keeping our emotions under control. People who are able to maintain their composure in the face of adversity, calm their own agitation, and bounce back after a setback or loss have strong self-regulation.
In his extraordinary book Focus, Dr. Daniel Goleman argues that in today’s world, we are constantly bombarded with information and stimuli. We have an urge to check our email or phone in case of new messages. When we do give in to the urge, it feels unsatisfying when there is nothing waiting for us. The constant distraction leads us to a state of continuous partial attention where we leap from one thing to another without fully engaging ourselves in any task at hand.
However, we can focus despite being surrounded by noise and distractions. What’s needed is the ability to selectively pay attention to what you want while ignoring other things. For example, journalists at The New York Times are able to complete their work even in an open-plan oﬃce full of noise and distractions. They never demand quiet because they have a strong ability to select what they pay attention to.
Not everyone has good selective attention, which refers to the processes that allow them to choose and focus on certain input for further processing while blocking out irrelevant or distracting information. They can’t ignore distractions and focus on the task at hand, which reduces their productivity. In addition, it’s hard to immerse yourself in a subject when you’re constantly distracted by other things and your ability to learn new things is reduced. This issue is so prevalent that internet addiction among young people has been identiﬁed as a national health problem in many Asian countries. Therefore, if we can ignore distractions and focus well, we’ll be able to perform better.
David, a disciplined and successful salesperson working for an educational company, had an unpleasant ﬁght with his partner one evening. He was irritated about it, but his self-talk was narrating the scenarios of a sales meeting he was going to have the day after. David’s mind was more focused on his professional priorities, and he was thinking that the ﬁght would distract him from planning the various sales strategies he was going to use in the possible scenarios of the client’s resistance.
Therefore, David made the decision to ignore his emotions because he wanted to concentrate on the meeting scheduled for the following day. This indicates that David was unconsciously repressing and avoiding recognizing how he was feeling as a result of the argument he had with his partner.
This may have provided a temporary solution to the problem at hand, but David did not know that the repressed sentiments may eventually manifest themselves in a variety of psychological and/or physical symptoms. His best move should’ve been bending and ﬂexing with his emotions and not ignoring the agony they created. Suppressing his emotions was not going to make them disappear; rather, they would remain inside of him and cause him even more suﬀering.
Our brain learns to determine what causes our pleasant or bad emotions only if we train it to recognize, acknowledge, and accept our feelings as they occur without criticizing them or attempting to avoid them. This level of mastery would prevent the brain from acting as if we are battling an enemy and, therefore, from sending messages to the body to expend energy and release the stress hormone cortisol.
According to research, when our emotions are triggered, we experience two types of reactions. The ﬁrst is a psychological reaction, such as sweaty palms or a racing heartbeat; this reaction is regulated by the sympathetic nervous system. The second reaction is a behavioral reaction, which can be deﬁned as the decision to act in a certain way based on how we interpret our feelings. When we are confronted with a scenario that has caused us to feel a certain way, it is up to us to decide how we will react to it.